A step by step guide on how to tile a floor


A ceramic tile is a thin slab of clay, hardened and coated with some glaze. Ceramic tiles are known for their durability. In fact, there is still ceramic tilework dating back to 2,000 years ago. It’s preferred as a floor and wall material because it’s beautiful, doesn’t harbor germs and easy to clean. But, how do someone fix or install the ceramic tile? Well, here is a step by step guide on how to tile a floor.

Before anything is done, the surface should be clean, dry and smooth, for best results. The area to be tiled also need to be free of wax, grease and soap scum. Appliances, trim, moldings, that may interfere with the tile application should also be removed. The doorjambs need to be checked and cleared before the work begins. Identifying and eliminating the potential complications in advance can help ensure the tile installation run smoothly.

The next step is to have an efficient lay out. This should start by marking the center point of every floor in the house. This is followed by snapping chalk lines to get the center points.
The next step is applying the adhesive. To avoid wastage, only enough of adhesive needed should be mixed and used within 30 minutes. Instruction on the adhesive packet should be strictly followed. The adhesive should be applied with the trowel held at a 45-degree angle. The notched side of the trowel should be used to comb adhesive into a standing ridge. When removing the excess adhesive, a uniform ridge should be seen. Also, the adhesive shouldn’t spread on a larger area.

how to tile a floor

Thereafter, cutting the tile should be cut as needed. This should start by carefully marking and measuring the tiles with a felt pen or pencil. A tile cutter is the most appropriate tool to use since it helps achieve pinpoint straight cuts. After the cuts are done, any sharp edges should be smoothened out with a carborundum stone to achieve a soft smooth finish to the tile.

Tile setting is the next step to follow. After priming the surface, creating the layout, applying the adhesive, and cutting the tile, the actual installation should follow.Tile installation should start at the center of the room. One grid should be completed at a time before moving to the next one.

The tiles should be set one at a time and shouldn’t be slid into place. Tap all the tiles with a sizeable rubber mallet wood block to get a solid bond as well as a level plane. The excess adhesive should then be removed from joints with a putty knife and wiped from the tile with a damp cloth or sponge to get an even appearance. The work should be allowed to dry for at least 24 hours before walking on.

Grouting is the last step to tile a floor. It’s simply to fill out the joints and consolidate the floor into a desired end result. Keenly observe and follow all the instruction and precautions on the grout packaging. One key instruction on grouting package that should be observed is that it should be prepared not to last for more than 30-minute. Rubber should be used to remove the tile spacers before spreading the grout on tile surface.When the grout has dried, polish the tiled floor with a soft cloth.